Pathya/Apathya – Beneficial and Non Beneficial

by trueayurveda

Pathya/Apathya

 

Factors –

  • Matra – quantity
  • Kala – time when we eat food at the right time it becomes a cause of health
  • Spiced milk at bedtime ok, but at 3:00 in the morning not appropriate
  • Kriya – what activity/process – or sanskara – dry roasting wheat makes patya, just plain is apathy as it brings down your agni. Dry roast and mix with hot cooked milk and digestive spices will make you feel lighter. Vimala has been allergic to wheat for a long time, but now is making upma and chapattis at home and is now ok with it because of the way the food was cooked. Karan/kriya/samskara. Generally mung, wheat, milk, ghee, goat milk, honey – but if cooked wrong (fish and milk, fruit and milk together apathy). Rice – Aapiya/watery – eat a bit of rice because very act of aging it (buy and save and use 6 mos. Later, then soaking, washing and boiling rice and getting rid of white kleda/starch makes it more pathya. The sanskara can change the food’s quality and ability to generate health. Svaras – a juice of something. Brahmi svaras – juice of brahmi. Taking the juice of something is a samskara- kalka is a paste – different quality than the kalka. Brahmi juice helps mind in nose. Paste helps anti-itch on body. What you do changes the quality. Kadha in Sanskrit, Quat in English.– very light. A cooked and reduced (1food to 16 water reduced to 1 to 4 due to ushna guna) decoction that becomes very light. Juice is very guru. Raw food guru, cooked food laghu. Phant- hot decoction like a tea – herb warmed in water. Hema – cool infusion. Boiled and then cooled water added to herb becomes hema – good for flowers, coriander, any time you want to balance pitta. Dania hema – coriander in water overnight in moonlight to cool pitta and clear acidity. Only drink that water the next day. Visha/poison like aconite, bhang, mercury and used in medicine. But also all the right things used wrongly can become visham. Aromatizing the water – vasama. Triphala rasayana – make paste and put in iron container for a few days and then that becomes a good eye wash. The container has caused the samskara.
  • Bhumi – desha – where are you living. It affects you. Trishakti going to new mexico where its so ruksha/dry and needed EXCESSIVE snigdha (could have sat in ghee and it might have been enough J). Local climate became cause of vata/pitta disorders. Dosha in prakop. Shunyaji vegavasta (?) – slightly pre-prakop dosha state. Having to take care of pitta dosha. Wet and heavy – kapha/pitta increase. Cold and dry vayu increase. Certain places are healthy generally – dry high places generally not good for vata dominant people. Manic depressive people switch after flights – vayu goes up and they become the other. Chala guna increased. In very wet oily place, don’t eat cheesecake. In dry hot place, eat cheesecake because it may help add some qualities. If you are in wet place don’t eat bananas and juices. Even food and vegetables in certain place affects the animals and then that affects you.
  • Deha – body – your overall bodytype. Prakruti but also general constitution – not medical – old young heavy light. Pathya can change based on deha.
  • Dosha – medical evaluation of person. when you are dosha yukta – you know your prakruti/vikruti. Bhairavi – not just kapha, kapha/vata – so lots of exercise too aggravating. So gently ushna increasing. Pitta/Vata don’t just do cooling – warm, snighda, parthiva, aapiva foods for Trishakti. Something can be pathya/apathya based on individual’s dosha.

 

Vegavasta – when dosha is ripe and any factor can start a prakop.

Jangal – dryness in area

 

These are all the factors that help us to know how to treat the individual. One look at a person can give you a general idea of how to treat

Shadha Ghadak – the six factors that affect whether a food is pathya/apathy

 

Charak has taught the 8 rules of eating food ahara vidhi – food rules – in charak samhita, chikitsasthana, chapter 1 shloka 21

 

  1. Prakruti/nature of the FOOD, not your nature. Unique properties of the food – is it strengthening, aphrodisiac, building, cleansing, what? When you are about to eat, look at the nature of the food – the essential nature of the food. No matter what you do to wheat, its essential nature is guru – that won’t change. What are you eating?
  2. Karan – process – Kriya/samskara in a non yoga meaning how has it been cooked/prepared. Same mung dal microwaved would be a no.
  3. Samayoga/combination – when two or more substances mix together sometimes they create a special yoga which may be good or not good for you. Yogurt and honey. Kitchadi is good for you.
  4. Rashi/matra/quantity – small quantities of heavy food
  5. Desha/bhumi/land which brings climate, flora, fauna – changes with the seasons, so some concept of ritucharya is important.
  6. Kala/time
  7. Upayoga Samsthita/steps and detailed rules for the eater/you/the patient – charak and sushrut have given more specific rules. Detailed.
  8. Upabhogata – who is eating? Is it child, old, honeymooning couple, who is eating.

Saatmaya – adaptability because of habit. If your ancestors were fish eaters, you can eat more fish. Andhar Pradesh people can eat lot more heat, even pitas because in their blood able to deal with it.

  • Okasaatmaya – adaptability and acceptability of things that are NOT healthy to the body – body begins to adapt even to abuse. Even to wrong things, body begins to adapt and work around those things.
  • Sharira saatmaya – adaptability and acceptability of things that are healthy to the body. Comes from usage, ancestry or cultural norms. If mother or father ate it, you may be able to eat it.

 

The healthier and cleaner you become, the more your body is in sharira saatmaya. The body will ATTEMPT to adapt and accept bad foods, and may not have a forceful impact on you, but will have a deeper inner impact. The one who vomits it immediately is healthier than the one who is showing oka-saatmaya. The person experiencing oka-saatmaya may not relate the symptoms to the cause. Not causing chronic conditions, but body does adapt as much as it can even to abusive things. It would be best to get acclimatized to healthy things. Ayurveda doesn’t believe in cold-turkey approaches because the body is acclimatized to toxicity. Slow changes to retrain the body. Without oka-saatmaya, we’d be dead by now. Any radical changes will create vata disturbance. So slowly adapt. Withdrawal is the whole body going into shock. As a practitioner help with addiction/de-addiction. Yogeshji took a person off 22 painkillers/day to none in one month. Yogeshji is very good at this. But from a dietary perspective, start with hot water, then choose lesser of two evils to wean them. Patient coming in with a really bad case – doing panchakarma can kill you. No self-help books for panchakarma – allopathy doesn’t do self-help surgery. When done properly can give moksha. Very powerful science that shouldn’t be abused. Therefore we have a responsibility to not put out bad karma. Oily food plus cold water is bad.

What is your prakruti, mental state, athlete, sedentary – all of these things affect upabhoga/the eater/the one who is devouring/tasting.

Wean off, not multiple times in a day, then every other day. Addictive things.

REVIEW THESE RULES AS SWADHIYA – no rules based on vata pitta kapha.

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