Dudhi, opo squash: A summer staple


by trueayurveda


Dudhi is most patyahara – best food with green mung for recovery from fevers and illness. Dudhi has Sattva Guna in Abundance. Dudhi is also known as Calabash, Lagenaria siceraria, long melon, Opo squash, and Bottle gourd. To find a ripe one, you should be able to pierce the skin with a fingernail. You can usually find them in chinese grocers or Indian stores.

Qualities of Dudhi: Madhur Rasa, Laghu Guna, Virya: Shita, Vipaka: Madhur. Because of its Laghu quality, it is more easily digested.

Dudhi is sometimes prepared with tomato, but this will increase Rajas Guna and the desire to eat more and faster without experiencing satiation. However, if you did want to add tomatoes, you would do so after sautéing onions and before adding dudhi – cook until the break down a bit and get mushy. Will also aggravate Pitta, so be forewarned.

To prepare:

Peel green outer layer. Scoop out the inner seeds and discard. The remaining part is the part we eat.

We prepare differently according to dosha vikruti.


Vata Shamana Dudhi/Vata Pacifying Dudhi

To pacify Vata, add sweetness, unctuousness, and warmth.


  • Ghee
  • Dhanyaka/coriander
  • Hing
  • Cumin
  • black pepper (lots)
  • Could also add ajwain which is good for Vata/Kapha but tastes bad, so not useful.

Heat ghee, cumin and hingu, then sauté onions, add turmeric, then when onions soft, add dudhi and salt, cook till dudhi is soft but not mushy.

Saute in pressure cooker with NO water. Let steam for 4-5 long whistles.


Kapha Shamana Dudhi/Kapha Pacifying Dudhi

To pacify Kapha, add pungency and very little ghee or salt (aap increasing), and no onions (kapha increasing).


  • Grated Ginger
  • black pepper
  • mustard seeds
  • turmeric
  • Ghee – very little, only 1 tsp. – just enough to pop seeds

Heat ghee, add mustard seeds, wait for seeds to pop. Then add turmeric, dudhi and grated ginger, then a little salt.

Saute in pressure cooker with NO water. Let steam for 4-5 long whistles.


Pitta Shamana Dudhi/Pitta Pacifying Dudhi

To pacify Pitta, add sweetness and bitters, and no pungents. Possible inclusions could be ghee, onions, cumin, fennel seeds, methi/fenugreek, dhanyakacalabash/coriander


  • Ghee
  • Cumin
  • Fennel Seeds
  • Turmeric
  • Onions
  • Coriander powder
  • Salt

Heat ghee, add cumin and fennel seeds, turmeric and onions. Saute till soft, then add dudhi, coriander powder and salt.

Saute in pressure cooker with NO water. Let steam for 4-5 long whistles.



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